It naturally prefers bottom lands, flood plains, and rich upland soils. Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Fagales>Fagaceae>Quercus phellos L. Willow Oak is one of the most familiar large trees in North Carolina. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium rate, with height increases of 13–24" per year. I am writing this as I sit under a willow oak that I planted 16 years ago from an acorn. The bark of this tree is known to have pain relieving and anti-inflammatory properties. The active ingredient in the medicine made from willow bark is called salicin. The inner bark is pink. This is an apparent hybrid Q. falcata x Q. phellos at Mason Farm in Chapel Hill, NC. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. In partial shade, limbs will reach for the sun and not appear so balanced. Site design : Academic Web Pages. Small leaves help minimize fall leaf litter. Thin bark susceptible to sun scald, protect with shade cloth when staging for installation. Willow oaks are fast-growing trees that can grow 2 ft. (0.6 m) per year and have a dense oblong crown when mature. The willow oak naturally ranges from New Jersey to Florida and as far west as Texas. willow oak. Notes: Outstanding street tree that tolerates drought and the urban environment. A well-known ornamental example is the weeping willow (Salix × sepulcralis), which is a hybrid of Peking willow (Salix babylonica) from China and white willow from Europe.The widely planted Chinese willow Salix matsudana is now considered a synonym of S. babylonica. Its acorn matures in two years. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); All photographs and text ©2013 by Will Cook unless otherwise noted. Willows are very cross-compatible, and numerous hybrids occur, both naturally and in cultivation. It has a dense and usually rounded crown. Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. The male flowers are yellow, and the female flowers are green. Willow oak is a medium to large tree with a dense, pyramidal crown (becoming more rounded with age) and straight, clear trunk. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. willow oak Fagaceae Quercus phellos L. symbol: QUPH Leaf: Alternate, simple, 2 to 5 inches long, linear or lanceolate in shape (willow-like) with an entire margin and a bristle tip. View Map. It is a member of the red oak family and has distinctive longish, linear leaves to a 5" length maximum. They are long and narrow, and make a delightful swishing sound in the wind. It thrives in moist, well-drained, acidic soil and full sun. Flower: Species is monoecious; males borne on slender yellow-green catkins; females borne on very short axilliary spikes, both appear very early with the leaves. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. The willow oak is a strong and beautiful tree that shares similarities with other oaks but is unique in many other ways that make it such an attractive tree to behold. They are in the red oak group but do not have the characteristic lobed leaves of the red oaks. White oak bark is also POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when applied directly to unbroken skin for up to 2-3 weeks. Willow oak trees that are infected with hypoxylon canker will experience yellowing and wilted foliage. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. It is considered by some to be a reasonable alternative to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin, Advil (ibuprofen) or Aleve (n… Bright green in summer, the foliage turns yellow or russet in the fall. NCSU Fact Sheet Bark of a mature tree, Greenville, NC. Oak tree bark: Identify willow oak trees by their rough gray-brown bark that develops into narrow fissures as it matures. Growing willow oak tree: The willow oak is faster growing than many oaks and much easier to transplant, since it doesn't have as deep a taproot as most of its cousins. Hybrids of different species in the red oak group are not too unusual. Here's an apparent hybrid Q. nigra x Q. phellos in Duke Forest, Durham Co., NC. Photo by Joseph Covington. Send mail to with questions about this site. (73 feet tall, 132-foot spread). It is a superior choice where space permits a large oak tree. Tree Type Mature Size The willow oak grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 30–40' at maturity. The willow oak has excellent texture, rounded form, attractive bark and beautiful winter features. Endangered. While they prefer moist, well-drained soil, they will thrive in almost any kind of soil and are wind, salt, and drought tolerant, making them popular in urban landscapes lining broad streets or filling in parking lot islands. Scientific Name: Quercus phellos L. Bark of a medium-sized tree in Chapel Hill, NC. Acorn from the same tree. This is an apparent hybrid Q. falcata x Q. phellos at Mason Farm in Chapel Hill, NC. Abundantly planted; fairly common in the wild in bottomland forests in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont. Medicinal use of Willow Oak: A decoction of the wood chips or bark has been applied externally as an analgesic and as a bath for aches, pains, sores, cuts and haemorrhoids. This tree is in Raleigh, NC, 2 counties from the nearest known range of Shingle Oak in Virginia. Willow bark can be used topically. More information: The male flowers are in long catkins. Willow oak (Quercus phellos) is a common oak, deciduous with simple leaves. White oak bark is POSSIBLY SAFE for most people when taken by mouth for 3-4 days. The most significant particularity of the willow oak is the shape of its leaves, which are narrow and slender and very similar to that of the willow tree. are deciduous or evergreen acorn-bearing trees known for their often imposing sizes. The leaves of the willow oak are similar in shape to a willow tree’s leaves. Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina. Willow bark is also used in some products to aid weight loss. Trees of Alabama and the Southeast It is now over 30 feet tall, and I can assure you, I am enjoying it! We think you will be too! Interpreting Wetland Status. The willow oak tree is a medium-sized type of red oak tree that grows between 65 and 100 ft. (20 – 30 m) tall. The willow oak received its name because its leaves look like those of willow trees but it produces acorns that are characteristic of the oak family. Willow bark is the bark from several varieties of the willow tree, including white willow or European willow, black willow or pussy willow, crack willow, purple willow, and others. Annoyance factors: Any galls produced on the tree are strongly astringent and can be used in the treatment of haemorrhages, chronic diarrhoea, dysentery etc. They thrive in floodplains and near streams or marshes, but the trees are remarkably drought tolerant, too. oak and willow joinery ltd is a Bespoke Furniture Specialist on Bark, serving Acton and surrounding areas. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. With age, it forms deep furrows and rough ridges. He noted the unusual prolific branching compared to nearby Willow Oaks and was impressed. Some of the leaves of this tree have irregular lobes. Hippocrates was among the first to advise his patients to chew on willow bark for pain relief and inflammation. The good news is that all of these problems—transplant difficulties, root-bound plants, and expense—can be easily avoided if … Virginia Tech Dendrology, Recommended Tree, Shrub, and Woody Vine Identification Guides. There is some pubescence on the underside of the leaves, but it easily rubs off, just like that on Black Oak (Q. velutina) leaves. The willow oak can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 5–9. The willow bark is known to contain a compound known as salicin. One of the interesting facts about willow oak trees is their relation to red oaks. The leaves are narrowly lanceolate like those of Black Willow, but are bristle-tipped and lack teeth. Where do willow oak trees grow? It takes full sun or light shade and needs a well-drained soil, preferably rich and on the acid side. The discolored foliage will begin at the top of the willow oak and work its way down, branch by branch. According to a naturopath, Doctor William Mitchell, willow bark is comprised of salicylates and some other anti-inflammatory effects. The willow oak will tolerate pollution and drought and is considered a trouble-free tree as long as soil pH is acidic. According to Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, willow bark contains active components that are useful to reduce pain and inflammation and treat illnesses including myalgia, the flu, and headaches. The acorn crop begins at about 15 years of age and continues as the tree matures. In full sun, the tree has large, spreading limbs forming a balanced shape. It resembles laurel oak (Q. imbricaria) in being one of only two oak species in our area with long, unlobed leaves, but willow oak leaves are narrower and the acorns are smaller than those of Q. imbricaria. Willow oak is a member of the red oak group without lobed leaves. Hybrids of different species in the red oak group are not too unusual. The catkins are cylindrical in shape, measuring 6 to 7 cm in length. Co-national champion willow oaks are in Memphis, Tenn., (123 feet tall, 100-foot spread) and Noxubee County, Miss. Growing willow oak trees is easy and very rewarding. This new cutting-propagated cultivar ensures a delightfully uniform habit with a strong central leader as well as a fast growth rate. Branches are smooth, flexible and hard to break, and have thin, gray bark. Willows include small trees, shrubs, and groundcovers, and many species are dioecious with male and female catkins (flowers) on separate plants. Culture: The willow oak is an excellent choice as a shade tree. The … Since it isnt absorbed digestively, topi… Bark of a medium-sized tree in Chapel Hill, NC. Some people use willow bark as an alternative to aspirin, particularly those that experience chronic headaches or back pain. Older Bark: Older Bark: Habitat: Bottomland forests, especially on natural levees and second terraces, also in upland depression swamps developed on clay soils, weedy and successional on slopes and upland sites following disturbance, and widely planted as a street tree in towns and cities. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. long (12 cm). Noteworthy Characteristics. North America; Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain: FACW Eastern Mountains and Piedmont: FAC Great Plains: FACW Midwest: FACW Northcentral & Northeast: FACW Related Links. This site was last updated on November 30, 2020. Flowers appear in mid-spring. An Equal Opportunity University. Bark on a young willow oak is dark gray and smooth. Willow and oak ltd is a 5-star rated Gardener on Bark, serving Nailsworth and surrounding areas. Leaves are alternate, simple, 2–5 inches long, to 1 inch wide, shaped like willow leaves, narrow, gradually tapering at both ends, thick; margin entire, bristle-tipped. It is noted for its long, fine-textured, willow-like leaves, up to 5 in. Willow bark's analgesic (pain-relieving) and antipyretic (fever-reducing) properties have been touted since as far back as 4th-century Greece when users would chew on the bark for rapid pain relief.1 The growing popularity of natural medicines has fueled a renewed interest in willow bark. The bark is smooth on young trees and smaller branches, becoming shallowly ridged on larger trees. Similar to Water Oak (Q. nigra), which has clubbed leaves, and the semi-evergreen Laurel Oak (Q. laurifolia) and Sand Laurel Oak (Q. hemisphaerica) of the Coastal Plain. The acorns are an important source of food for mammals. Check our their Bark profile and leave a review now. If you are planting a new one, leave it lots of room! For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or, Willow Oak - Quercus phellosBeech Family (Fagaceae). The tree will also experience dieback and growth stunt which is often accompanied by lightened bark that takes on a bleached appearance. Willow Oak is more tolerant of standing water than Cherrybark Oak (Quercus pagoda), but it is less tolerant of standing water than Overcup Oak (Quercus lyrata), and so it tends to occupy habitats that are intermediate between these 2 latter species. Quercus phellos, commonly called willow oak, is a medium to large, deciduous oak tree of the red oak group that is noted for its oak shape, willow-like leaves and relatively fast growth rate.It is native to the Southeastern United States, typically being found in moist bottomland soils. Instead, willow oaks have narrow willow … They are geographically distributed in all continents except Antarctica and Australia. It can increase 1.5 inches in diameter per year if the rainfall is normal. Silvics Manual Quercus phellos, the willow oak, is a North American species of a deciduous tree in the red oak group of oaks.It is native to the eastern and central United States from Long Island Sound south to northern Florida, and west to southernmost Illinois, Missouri, Oklahoma, and eastern Texas. Most willows are found in temperate and arctic zones. The willow oak tree grows very fast. Wetland Status. With age, the willow oak becomes a stately tree. A handsome and popular shade tree, Quercus phellos (Willow Oak) is a medium to large, deciduous tree with a straight trunk and an oval to rounded crown with upswept branches. Willow oak is so named for its long, narrow, willow-like leaves. This possible hybrid between Q. phellos and Q. velutina strongly resembles Shingle Oak (Q. imbricaria), but lacks that species's uniformly soft-pubesence on the underside. Treat bursitis is another of health benefits of white willow bark thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties. Willow Oak Tree Care. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or Willow bark can also treat acute injuries, tooth pain, and back pain. Willow oaks are no relation to willows but they seem to soak up water in a similar fashion. The bark is smooth on young trees and smaller branches, becoming shallowly ridged on larger trees. A member of the beech family, oak trees (Quercus spp.) Willow oak's common name comes from the shape of the leaves and its specific epithet, phellos, is the ancient Greek name for the cork oak, Quercus suber. Willow bark, the bark of several varieties of willow tree, has been used for centuries as a pain reliever. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or Mature Size: 70-80' x 40-50' USDA Hardiness Zone: 6-9 (View Hardiness Zone Map) Root Pruned: Yes Outstanding Characteristics: Fine textured vigorous Oak with yellow fall color. Upperton® Willow Oak was found growing in a parking lot island by Georgia plantsman Ray Tate.