Also used in South and Southwest Asia. The response correctly explains why indigenous languages are less threatened in Africa than in the Americas, by using ONE of the following comparisons: • In Africa, there is better support from local government, community and cultural groups, whereas in the Americas, fewer public and private institutions support indigenous language use. E) Portuguese. Bilingual signs and television and radio programs have also been added to help preserve this language. The principle language of Iran, a remnant of the Persian Empire. This language was forbidden under English rule. A dialect of English spoken by some African Americans. B) a country. The word romance connotes love and wooing, but when it has a capital R, as in Romance languages, it probably refers to a set of languages based on Latin, the language of the ancient Romans. Ex: Proto-Indo-European. 9th - 11th grade. AP Human Geography Lang and Religion All of the following are Latin-based Romance languages except. By understanding where and how languages developed, we learn about the people who spoke them. Balto-Slavic: Term. Using a language or dialect native to a region or country rather than a literary, cultured, or foreign language. This language belongs to the Afro-Asiatic language family and is the official language in two dozen countries of North Africa and southwestern Asia, from Morocco to the Arabian Peninsula. It is written with the Arabic alphabet since Iran is a Muslim country. New linguistics research has just come out which explores the relationship between location and language development, shedding light onto some previously unexplored territory. Migration and isolation: ... What language branch separates Romanian from the rest of it's Romance language counterparts? When Ireland got their independence form England in 1922, this language became an important part of their cultural identity and sense of nationalism and became a compulsory course in all public schools and required for public service jobs. This comprehensive list gathers the the names, geographic divisions, and national locations of major divisions of some modern Romance languages around the world. This branch includes languages that evolved from Latin (the language of the Romans). c. Iranian. Printer Friendly. Approximately one-third of Indians, mostly in the north, use this Indic language. i.e The Romance "-------" of the Indo-European language family. It is usually the language of the common people. Hebrew is spoken in Israel, a Jewish state, and Arabic is spoken throughout the region since it is the language of the Koran, the Islamic holy book. (Quebec in Canada, Vietnam, Haiti, Sub-Saharan Africa, Belgium, Switzerland, France). A language that predates the current language family, before the written record. Definition. It is part of the Niger-Congo language family. This language is a compulsory subject in all schools in Wales and knowledge of the language is now required for many jobs in Wales. The most spoken language in this family is Javanese, since Java is the populous island of Indonesia. Over 2,000 entriesThis essential A–Z provides an in-depth guide to all aspects of human geography, including cultural, social, developmental, economic, political, and health geography. Save. What are dialects a result of? Romance languages. ... Denmark is a good example of a nation-state because A) nearly all Danes speak Danish and live in Denmark. The process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence and operate on an international scale. Without language, culture could not be transmitted 2. AP Human Geography Language Lecture - Duration: 11:35. This language was spoken by the Roman army at the time of occupation and is the basis of the Romance languages, which evolved out of this language overtime due to isolation. An array of separate languages that are suspected to be related by prehistoric origin. Created by bkimbrough. This family includes the languages of Javanese, Indonesian, Malay, and Malagasy. If Germanic, romance, Balto-Slavic, and indo-Iranian languages aer all part of the same indo European language family, then they must be descended from a single common ancestral language. Chapter 09 - Diffusion of Languages . B) Australia and New Zealand. Languages that lie in the areas once controlled by the Roman Empire but were not subsequently overwhelmed. Term. ... AP Human Geography Key Issue Answers Last modified by: Level. This language is part of the Indo-Iranian branch. Total Cards. When this newly combined language becomes the primary language of the people in a region it is called a “creole” language. Rubenstein, Chapter 5, Language. The lingua franca in Africa, used by many to communicate as a second language, due to so many different native languages. B) Spanish. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, newly independent countries in these regions reverted to their native languages in this family, including the countries of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Mongolia and Georgia. Also known as Euskera, this isolated language predates the Indo-European language and is not related to any other language family in Europe. A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated. This province in Canada primarily speaks French, due to its history of colonization. Chapter 08 - A Geography of Languages. Play this game to review Other. A language branch of the Indo-European Language Family. Maybe you could create some kind of other language using bits of both languages. The language boundaries somewhat follow those of modern day political boundaries. i.e The Romance "-----" of the Indo-European language family. Printer Friendly. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families. Geography. b. Pictish. My daughter and I studied human geography at home during the 2015-2016, with the goal of her taking and passing the AP Human Geography Exam….and she did! AP Human Geography: Chapter 4- Language questionWhere is Basque primarily spoken? If so, you understand how completely frustrating it can be. C) Western Europe. A natural language with no demonstrable genealogical (or "genetic") relationship with other languages or language families; that is, one that has not been demonstrated to descend from an ancestor common with any other language. It serves as the lingua franca in India and is used by the government, growing into a national language in the nineteenth century when the British encouraged its use in government. Language Branches are a collection of languages that share a common ancestor thousands of years ago. A Form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages. The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents, a language that is given special legal status. It is part of the Indo-Iranian branch. local or regional characteristics of a language. Language family containing the Germanic and romance languages that includes languages spoken by about 50% of the world's people: Sino-Tibetan: Language area that spreads through most of Southeast Asia and China and is comprised of Chinese, Burmese, Tibetan, Japanese, and Korean: Afro-Asiatic Indo-European Languages. Advanced Placement Human Geography (also known as AP Human Geo, AP Geography, APHG, AP HuGe, AP HuG, AP Human, or HGAP) is an Advanced Placement social studies course that studies human geography.The test is administered by College Board.. If the answers is incorrect or not given, you can answer the above question in the comment box. Dialect: Definition. A set of languages with a relatively recent common origin and similar characteristics. C) French. AP Human Geography: Chapter 5 Vocab questionAccent answera distinctive pronunciation of language, associated with a nation, locality, or social class questionAcculturation answerthe process. More than 95% of people in Sub-Saharan Africa speak languages from this family. This language family is found in northern Africa and southwestern Asia (Middle East), where Islam is the dominant religion. Spoken in the Pyrenees Mountains (between Spain and France), the mountainous homeland created isolation, making the preservation of the language possible. a year ago. 20. A Subsection of a Language Family. It diminished in use in the fourth century B.C. a geographic boundary within which a particular linguistic feature occurs. Latin was the language of the Roman Empire , but the classical Latin that was written by literati like Cicero was not the language of daily life. This branch of the Indo-European language family can be broken down into four groups: East Slavic (Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian), Baltic (Latvian, Lithuanian), West Slavic (Polish, Czech, and Slovak), and South Slavic (Serbo-Croatian). The motives of European states in establishing colonies can be summarized as all but which of the following? In 1975, France banned the use of foreign words in advertisements, television and radio broadcasts, and official documents 4. Maybe you found you both spoke the same second-language, a language learned after learning your native language. ~The collapsing of two languages into one resulting from the consistent spatial interaction of people with different languages. 6 Republics within the larger Nation (Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Bosnia), 5 Nationalities (mentioned earlier), 4 official languages ( Croatian, Macedonian, Montenegrens, Serbian, and Slovene) 3 major religions (Roman catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Muslim). Pakistan's principal language, spoken very much like Hindi but written with the Arabic alphabet, a legacy of the fact that most Pakistanis are Muslims, and their holiest book (the Quran) is written in Arabic. Similar to the Celtic languages, it has declined with the forces of globalization and is undergoing a revival since it is an important part of the Inuit culture and is taught in schools and represented on bilingual signs and in the government. 7: 12199173120: Language Group When Israel was established in 1948, this language became one of the new country's two official languages, along with Arabic. In this system, each letter represents a sound. It is recognized as an official language, along with English and French in Nunavut, the Inuit territory of Canada. Geography, History. 216 times. Search » All » Geography » AP Human Geography » Unit 5 APHG Don't know. Linguists may prefer a list of the Romance languages with more detail and more thoroughness. languages from the indo-european family. english: Term. Check out Kaplan's AP Human Geography: Cultural Patterns and Processes Notes for key AP Human Geography takeaways and definitions. Romance Origins The five most important Romance languages are Spanish, Romanian, Portuguese, French and Italian. answerBasque was spoken in Europe before the Indo-European languages It is now the first language of people in Romance languages, group of related languages all derived from Vulgar Latin within historical times and forming a subgroup of the Italic branch of the Indo-European language family.The major languages of the family include French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian, all national languages. Among the world's largest multinational states are, A language that was nearly extinct in British-controlled areas but which is now being revived is, Denmark is a good example of a nation-state because, The first widespread use of the nation-state concept came in, Political unity in the ancient Mediterranean world reached its height in. The most spoken language in this family is Turkish. This country has institutionalized cultural diversity by creating a form of government that places considerable power in local, small communities (Decenetralization). Jennifer Whitworth 3,397 views. i.e The Romance "-----" of the Indo-European language family. This language was an extinct language that has been revived. 16 Films Recommended for AP Human/Cultural Geography class... by dwij-44289 | created - 04 Dec 2016 | updated - 01 Jun 2017 | Public Refine See titles to watch instantly, titles you haven't rated, etc. Introduction A. The term is used in all German-speaking countries to refer to the increasingly strong influx of English or pseudo-English vocabulary into German. Places and countries where French is spoken around the world. Home » AP Human Geography » Outlines » Human Geography: Culture, Society and Space, 8th Edition Textbook. The branch of the Indo-European language family with the most speakers. ... Additional International Studies Flashcards . i.e A language family with only one language. Cards Return to Set Details. A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history. B) anocratic state. All of the following are Latin-based Romance languages except Naim 23:15 Lang and Religion. If the answers is incorrect or not given, you can answer the above question in the comment box. There are two major branches of geography, physical and human. This language was forbidden under English rule, but has been revived in recent years. Proposed by Colin renfrew, this theory argues the Proto-Indo-European language diffused by way of agriculktural practices from Anatolia (Turkey) in 6300 BC. Includes Madarin, Thai, Cantonese and Burmese. The specific form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications. Notes taken in Chapter 5 of AP Human Geography. This language was developed between African and Arab traders and is one for the few African languages with extensive literature. Proposed by Marija Gimbutas, this theory argues the Proto-Indo-European language diffused by military conquest as nomadic herders on horseback (Kurgans) invaded west from the Asian Steppe ( border between Russia and Kazakhstan) around 4300 B.C in search of grasslands. Language Family in Europe that includes the languages of Estonian, Finnish, and Hungarian. Language Groups are a Russian is the most widely used language in this branch, due to the spread of the Soviet Union. AP Human Geography. Certain romance languages are dead or dying. Currently, America dominates the world with multinational corporations and media, which has made English the world's current lingua franca (international language of business). Developed out of an earlier pidgin stage. The hearth and spiritual center of Islam is at A. Baghdad B. Cairo C. Jakarta D. Mecca E. Jerusalem Answer: D. A state which places most power in the hands of a central government is a(n) A) federal state. Among the world's largest multinational states are A) Russia and the United States. AP Human Geography: Chapter 4- Language questionWhere is Basque primarily spoken? Language The method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way. 6: 12199173119: Language: The method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way. This is one of the two official languages of Wales, along with English. A regional variation of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation, particular to a specific region or social group. As a result, Canada is officially bilingual, recognizing both English and French as official languages. answerBasque was spoken in Europe before the Indo-European languages It is now the first language … The path languages take as they grow and evolve around the world brings new insights into the history of the human race and can answer some very important questions about how we evolved. These languages declined because the Celts lost most of their territory and the English colonizers forbid the use of the Celtic languages. Why is English Related to other languages? C) Japan and D... A language that was nearly extinct in British-controlled areas but which is now being revived is a. English. A) guilt B) gold C) glo... A nation or nationality is A) a group of people tied to a place through legal status and tradition. AP Human Geography Syllabus 2015-2016: File Size: 291 kb: File Type: pdf: Download File . Chapter 5; key issue 3. It is part of the Indo-Iranian branch. This language can be spoken in many different ways, but there is only one official way to write the language, using a script called Devanagari. (Basque). Edit. The Language only exists high in the Pyrenesses Mountains and is spoken by less than a million people, but due to its isolated geographic location, it has thrived for several thousand years without any language diffusion from the rest of Europe. a year ago. Italian, German, English). A country in which only one language is spoken (i.e. Created. Did you manage to communicate? Save. This region of the Americas primarily speaks Romance Languages, which derived from Latin. This language was chosen to unify the Jews of Israel and give them a sense of nationalism, since Israel was created by Jewish refugees and migrants who spoke many different languages. The Flemings. Isogloss. Language Family spoken mostly in Indonesia. Used in Mandarin (Chinese). AP Human Geography. Did you require someone to translate for you? 11:35. This family includes Swahili, the lingua franca in Africa, used by many to communicate as a second language, due to so many different native languages. Level. Home » AP Human Geography » Outlines » Human Geography: Culture, Society and Space, 8th Edition Textbook. What is the BEST definition of “language”? remaining cards. Have you ever tried to communicate with someone who doesn't speak your language? Romance languages. CHAPTER INTRODUCTION Language is one of the cornerstones of national identity, cultural unity, and community cohesion. Subject. A Language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages (currently English worldwide). Total Cards. Cultures of all sizes fiercely protect their language 3. Description. This branch is divided into two language groups: Goidelic(Gaelic), which includes Irish Gaelic and Scottish Gaelic, and Brythonic, which includes Welsh, Breton, and Cornish. This branch is divided into North and West Germanic. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families. Understanding the origin and diffusion of languages is essential to understanding the diffusion of humanity. This … International Studies. Isogloss. 9th Grade. The average number of births women bear in their lifetimes is, The hearth and spiritual center of Islam is at, A state which places most power in the hands of a central government is a(n). The name of a place, often reflecting that place's history and culture. Language Indo-European is one of the largest branches and it includes English as well as many other Germanic languages. and was thereafter retained only for Jewish religious services. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. Know. Another branch of the Indo-European languages are the Romance, Indo-Iranian, and Balto-Slavic. Largest language family that includes English and most other languages in the Western Hemisphere. If the answers is incorrect or not given, you can answer the above question in the comment box. Malay is spoken in Malaysia, Malagasy is spoken in Madagascar. A Collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary. Example: Maltese and English into Malta Renfrew Hypothesis and Connection What is the BEST definition of “language”? A language that no longer has any speakers, or that is no longer in current use. Romance languages - Romance languages - Classification methods and problems: Though it is quite clear which languages can be classified as Romance, on the basis primarily of lexical (vocabulary) and morphological (structural) similarities, the subgrouping of the languages within the family is less straightforward.